INSCRIPTION: The 1920 Match - RESOLUTENOTES AMERICA-SCOOP :
Sail Area 8,776 Sq. Ft.
Mast (From deck to topsail halyard block) 129'-1/2"
SHAMROCK IV, ALOHA, WINCHESTER, VICTORIA, CORSAIR
RESOLUTE leading SHAMROCK IV on the third leg of the fourth race of the 1920 match, sailed July 23rd. In the face of a threatening squall both yachts shortened sail, SHAMROCK IV taking in her club topsail and RESOLUTE her jib topsail. The American yacht was leading at the time by about 400 yards, and after the squall passed she increased her lead and crossed the finish line 3 minutes and 41 seconds ahead of the challenger. The 1920 match was the first in which both challenger and defender were sailed by an amateur afterguard and it was the first time in any match that the defender failed to finish a race in which she started. Also, SHAMROCK IV, by winning the first two races, came nearer to taking the America's Cup than any previous challenger. Sir Thomas Lipton made this, his fourth challenge in 1914. SHAMROCK IV was brought over that year, but while on the passage the Great War broke and the match was postponed until 1920 when RESOLUTE, which had been built as a candidate to defend the Cup in 1914, was chosen to defend. In the first race of the series, July 15th, 1920, RESOLUTE while nearing the outer mark of the windward leg in the lead, parted the throat halyard of her mainsail and broke the gaff jaws, so that the sail had to be taken in as she took a tow SHAMROCK IV passed her to finish alone. In the second race on July 20th SHAMROCK IV again defeated the defender. RESOLUTE, however, skillfully sailed by Charles Francis Adams, Esqre. proceeded to win the third race on July 21st, the fourth on July 23rd, and the fifth on July 27th. In addition to Mr. Adams RESOLUTE'S afterguard included Messrs. Robert W. Emmons, II, John Parkinson, Arthur Adams, George Nichols and George A. Cormack. SHAMROCK IV was sailed by William P. Burton, Esqre. RESOLUTE was designed by N. G. Hereshoff, Esqre. and was built by the Herreshoff Manufacturing Co., Britol, R.I. for a syndicate composed of Messrs. Henry Walters, Cornelius Vanderbilt, F. G. Bourne [Frederick Gilbert Bourne], J.P. Morgan, George F. Baker, Jr., and Arthur Curtiss James. She was launched at Bristol on April 25th, 1914.
R.F. Paterson, delt
New York 1934
Publishd & Copyrightd At the Sign of the Gosden Head
(Signed in pencil) R.F. Paterson
(Numbered in ink) 37/260