Category: VANITIE

04908VParticular interest attaches to this year's series of contests, because of the fact that they will be held under a new rule of measurement, which discourages the building of the extreme and almost freakish type of yacht with which the public was made familiar in the last series of "America" cup contests.
The new rule governing this year's contests encourages a return to a more wholesome form, with a fuller and deeper body and sharper ends, ...

... a type which, after the races are over, is still serviceable for cruising because of its greater head room and its easier motion in a seaway.

From the Scientific American - May 2nd, 1914

3DefSections2From the drawing showing the midship cross sections superimposed, it will be seen that "Vanitie" shows the least departure from the yachts built under the old rule; and, of the three boats, her bilge is harder, her floor flatter, and she is more cut away at the garboards, where the turn from floor to keel is rather sharp.

The Gardner boat, "Vanitie," with her harder bilges shows a more powerful form than Nat Herreshoff's "Resolute," and in reaching and running, or at any time with sheets started, she should be the faster boat. In windward work, and particularly in a confused sea, we should incline to favor the chances of "Resolute."

3DefSailPlanThe most interesting feature of difference in the three yachts is the sail plan, and it will come as a matter of surprise that the Herreshoff boat carries a spread of sail which is surprisingly less in area than that of the other two yachts, the "Resolute" spreading 8,188 square feet, "Vanitie" 9,465 square feet, and "Defiance" 9,819 square feet, or 1,631 square feet more than the Herreshoff boat. The modern tendency to make the rig lofty and relatively narrow is shown in the sail plan of each yacht, and this is particularly noticeable in "Defiance." "Resolute" on a base line of 131 feet has a vertical height from main boom to topmast truck of 125 feet ; "Vanitie" on a base of 144 feet 6 inches shows a vertical height of 131 feet, whereas "Defiance" on a base line of 134 feet 6 inches has the enormous height of 146 feet. Both "Resolute" and "Vanitie" carry double headsails, and the division of the base line for the forward and after triangle is about normal practice

Construction of VANITIE

The framing of "Vanitie" consists of web frames 10 inches deep, eight in all, which are spaced as shown in the drawing. The framing extends from the keel plate up to the covering boards, and consists in addition to the web frames of 3-inch by 1¾-inch L-angles. The "Vanitie" is plated with manganese bronze, which varies from 3/16 of an inch to 7/32 of an inch in thickness.

The mast is a hollow steel spar 20 inches in diameter, and the mast step is located between the web frames on stations 27 and 30. The lead keel measures 34 feet on top, and it is 2 feet 10 inches deep at the heel, and 4 feet 6 inches deep at the nose. It is secured to the hull on web frames 33, 41, 46, and 54.


MastConstAn interesting drawing among those showing the construction of "Vanitie" is that of the junction of the framing with the lead. A bronze casting, to the flanges of which the frames are riveted, is attached to the lead by heavy lag-screws, an oak plank being interposed between lead and casting. Two other interesting details are those of the gammon-iron and rudder-post, each of which in a bronze casting. The gammon-iron makes a very neat finish at the stem head; it will be noted that it is recessed to receive the top strake of the plating. The rudder-post sleeve casting is also a neat piece of design. The Gardner boat has the largest centerboard of the three yachts; also, the center of gravity of the lead is lower than that of the other boats, and this, coupled with the harder bilges, would tend to give the "Vanitie" greater sail-carrying power than her competitors. The "Vanitie" has an extremely fine bow, with a very decided hollow, a feature which has marked the latest of Gardner's fast yachts. This designer has always built a very beautiful boat, and "Vanitie" will probably be the most shapely of them all.


 Designer   William Gardner
 Builder   George Lawley & Son
 Owner   Alexander Smith Cochran
 Club   N.Y.Y.C.
 Cup   1920
 Skipper   George Nichols
 Launching   May 14th, 1914
 Type   Gaff rigged cutter
 Hull material   nickel-steel framing plated with manganese bronze
 Mast material   Steel
 L.O.A.   118' 4
 L.W.L.   75'
 Beam   22' 6
 Draft   13' 9
 Mainmast   95'
 Mainboom   85'
 Bowsprit   13' 6"
 Maintopmast   40'
 Maingaff   52'
 Displacement   114,3 T
 Sail area   8446 sq ft
 End of life   Sept. 16, 1939 - SCRAPPED at BRISTOL


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